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, "purest, most refined," from quintessence (Medieval Latin quint essentia ) + -al (1). Related: Quintessentially .

In Plato 's Timaeus (58d) speaking about air, Plato mentions that "there is the most translucent kind which is called by the name of aether (αίθηρ)". [9] but otherwise he adopted the classical system of four elements. Aristotle , who had been Plato's student at the Akademia , agreed on this point with his former mentor, emphasizing additionally that fire sometimes has been mistaken for aether. However, in his Book On the Heavens he introduced a new "first" element to the system of the classical elements of Ionian philosophy . He noted that the four terrestrial classical elements were subject to change and naturally moved linearly. The first element however, located in the celestial regions and heavenly bodies, moved circularly and had none of the qualities the terrestrial classical elements had. It was neither hot nor cold, neither wet nor dry. With this addition the system of elements was extended to five and later commentators started referring to the new first one as the fifth and also called it aether , a word that Aristotle had not used. [10]

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